We look at the costs of raising a child in South Africa, and what you can do to help save up.
As we enter the New Year, we’re straight into the back to school season. Along with buying books, stationery and new school shoes, there is also the larger cost of sending your child to school. Raising a child is not cheap or easy and one must have a solid financial plan in place to ensure that you can give your child the best life possible and prepare them well for adulthood.
Here Sydney Sekese, certified financial planner (CFP) and winner of the 2016 Financial Planning Institute’s Media Award, explains how to adequately plan for the costs involved with raising a child.
1. What is the estimated cost of raising a child in SA from birth to university?
"Raising a child could be likened to a second housing bond. This is because raising a child is a long-term commitment that could last 23 years or more; including starting that first job. So, if you already have a housing bond, the child could be considered a 'second bond'," he jokes.
"On a serious note, several research indicates that it costs around R90 000 a year to raise a child. On a straight line projection (no inflation or growth) that’s over R20 700 000 by the time the child reaches 23 years old."
2. What monthly costs do you need to factor in?
"The monthly costs to be factored in depends on the lifestyle, household income, money management and attitude of the parent. The main costs involved are education, clothing and past-time activities, such as ballet classes, playgroups and soccer clubs. For those parents who can afford it, the entertainment expenses of various gadgets and toys need to be factored in as well."
3. What will be your biggest monthly/annual expenses on your child?
"The expense of raising a child is directly linked to their life stages. The costs associated with children change as they age. In the first 18 months there’s a big spike in expenses and, after two years, it flattens out, increasing slightly every year.
"There is then a further escalation of expenses which rise exponentially during early teenagehood and leading into young adult. The job-hunting stage cannot be ignored, based on the prevailing unemployment environment among the youth. As a parent, you will be obliged to continue supporting that young lady or gentleman until they find a job."
4. With each successive child, does it become cheaper, e.g. economies of scale?
"This again depends on the lifestyle, family dynamics and preference. If a family agrees that the second child would use the firstborn’s clothing, then that could be a cheaper way of raising children. This scenario depends on the successive gender," he says, as well as the seasons the siblings were born in. "Food and nappies inflation (and all the lifestyle and survival requirements) could be the greatest challenge of raising children in succession. The great experience of raising children will be so much more worthwhile if they are backed by a lifestyle that a parent can comfortably afford."
5. What are some ways of raising children on a budget?
"Most parents are ignorant of the various expenses of raising children," says Sydney. "Having a plan in a form of a budget is a great way of managing expenses to ensure that parents are living within their means.
"A practical way of monitoring this budget is to create envelopes for each of the major expenses and stash receipts for review at the end of each month. If for example, the food envelope tends to bulge each month, it means the parent is over-spending on food. A savvy strategy can be implemented. The suggested strategy could involve freezing left-overs. Even that extra chicken drumstick can come in handy as lunch. If a parent can prevent or even reduce food wastage it is going to help them lower their living costs."
6. How much should you be saving for your child's tertiary education?
"Research indicates that education inflation increases annually by 8% to 9%, which is about 3% higher than consumer price inflation (CPI). So the savings/investment product selected should aim to outperform inflation by more than 3% over a medium to long term.
"It is estimated that three years of university education will currently cost R300 000 to R350 000 for tuition, books, room and board and other expenses such as a computer, cell phone and internet access.
"This could be projected to cost R1 million by the time a six-year-old attends university. This equates to a roughly R3000 per month investment assuming 6% return and assuming the child is currently six years old.
"Individual circumstance and affordability differ from one parent to the next. It is therefore prudent to consult a Certified Financial Planner® (CFP®) professional to customise all the requirements.
Do you have a separate savings account or investment to help you afford raising your children and their education? Send your stories and comments to email@example.com for possible publication.