Meet the sperm donor
Your teen meeting their biological father is an experience that is unlikely to leave scars.
The 2010 drama "The Kids Are All Right" featured two teens raised by a lesbian couple who decide to contact their biological father - this experience is not likely to leave scars in real life, two studies said.
The studies, published in Human Reproduction, also showed that the majority of donors who have contact with their offspring report positive experiences.
"There is considerable debate about the potential impact of having been conceived by a known or unknown sperm donor on an offspring's psychological adjustment, especially during the vulnerable period of adolescence," said Henny Bos, at the University of Amsterdam.
Bos and colleagues studied 78 teens born to lesbian mothers via artificial insemination and followed throughout their lives as part of the US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study, Mothers in 74 families also completed a child behaviour checklist.
Based on questionnaires and interviews with the children when they were 10 and 17 years old, the researchers found no differences in mental health, such as social and attention problems, or depression and anxiety
, between the different groups.
Most of the children with unknown donor dads who had the option of making contact with their fathers in later years said they intended to do so. And most of those parents said they would likely welcome this contact.
All of the 23 sperm and egg donors in that study who had met their biological children told researchers it was a good experience - and most saw their offspring regularly.
"The other interesting finding was how contact was not only between the donor and the child but sometimes included other family members too," Jadva said.Would you let your child meet their biological parent?