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What is it?
Epilepsy is a disease that causes disturbance to the chemistry of the brain. It takes the form of a series of seizures that may be triggered by a variety of environmental factors such as specific foods, lack of sleep or even flashing lights. A seizure or “fit” may appear as the well known grand mal seizure in which the child falls over and is unconscious, often shaking and thrashing the limbs. But it can also be more subtle, appearing in the form of a petit mal seizure, in which the child zones out, may not hear you for a moment or may appear to be day-dreaming.

What to do

During a seizure, make the child safe and comfortable, but don’t try to keep him still or place something in his mouth. If you suspect that your child has had a seizure of any kind, go to the doctor. The electrical activity inside his brain will be tested, and scan will probably be done of his brain. Once epilepsy has been diagnosed, keep to the prescribed schedule of medication, which can reduce the number of fits and their severity.

For more detailed info on Common Childhood Conditions, go to Health24.

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