Instrumental vaginal delivery
When there is a valid indication for expediting the birth of the baby, the mother may have an assisted instrumental delivery rather than a caesarean section.

The decision is made based on a number of factors such as the condition of the foetus and mother, the progression in labour, the dilation of the cervix and position of the baby and its head.

The use of a specific instrument is very variable depending on such things as regional and international differences and familiarity with a specific instrument. Appropriate analgesia is normally provided before an instrument delivery.

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