Feeling your baby move
Giving guidelines on foetal movements is difficult because the range of normal is so vast. Here are some general rules for monitoring foetal movement, what to look out for and information on non-stress tests

It is generally unhelpful to compare your baby’s movements to someone else’s baby. It may also be misleading to compare your second or third baby’s movements to your first. They really are different little individuals, even at this very early stage.

Compounding the problem even further are differences in maternal perceptions of foetal movements. Some moms notice every little movement while others don’t feel even fairly vigorous movements.

The role of placenta in feeling your baby move

Movements to the front of the abdomen are usually more easily perceived than movements towards the back. If the placenta is positioned in front of the uterus (anterior placenta), it may act as a cushion reducing perception of movement.

Placental position may thus have an effect on what the mom feels, but maternal perception also plays a role. If, for example, mom is very busy, she may perceive fewer movements than when she is relaxing quietly.

Types of movements felt

The type of movements also varies at different stages of the pregnancy.

Early pregnancy

In very early pregnancy, flutters are felt. These develop into stronger “thumping” movements.


Around 28 weeks the movements become more “wriggly” and “squirmy.” This change in movement pattern is often interpreted as reduced movement and causes alarm. It is simply due to the fact that baby has less space.

What to look out for

What to look out for is a sustained reduction in movement. If baby becomes distressed in the womb, movements will reduce or stop some hours before a disaster occurs. A sustained reduction in foetal movement must therefore always be taken seriously and must always be checked out.

Asking for a non-stress test

If you are concerned, simply go to the labour ward, report the decreased foetal movement and ask for a non-stress test (NST). The midwife on duty will connect you to a foetal monitor and will monitor the foetal heart pattern over about a 20 minute period.

If the pattern is fine, you can safely be sent home. If there is any doubt, your obstetrician will be called and further tests may be necessary.

If there is an abnormal pattern from the non-stress test

If a frankly abnormal pattern is noted, the baby may have to be delivered prematurely as a life saving procedure. Never ignore a reduction in foetal movement and always have it checked out, it may save your baby’s life.

How to assess foetal movements

Numerous methods have been developed to try to objectively assess foetal movements.

Count-to-10 chart

One of the simpler and more practical methods is called the “count to 10 chart”. This is a very simple objective method of assessing foetal movements and is useful in high risk pregnancies or when uncertainty exists. It is only useful in the third trimester as prior to this perception of movements may be inconsistent.

As soon as you wake up in the morning start counting foetal movements. A movement is defined as a distinct change in position or series of kicks. If baby gives 6 little kicks in rapid succession, this is regarded as 1 movement. When the 10th movement of the day is felt, the time is noted and no further counting is necessary. If no movement is noted by lunchtime, or if you don’t count 10 movements in 10 hours, go to the labour ward for a NST.

Also read:

When did you first feel your baby move? What did it feel like? Send your stories to chatback@parent24.com or comment below.

Read Parent24’s Comments Policy

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Everything from parties to pre-schools in your area.

Jobs - Find your dream job


Mass Staffing Projects
R360 000.00 - R420 000.00 Per Year

Senior Actuarial Analyst

Mass Staffing Projects
R845 000.00 - R975 000.00 Per Year

Audit Manager

Cape Town
Tumaini Consulting
R600 000.00 - R750 000.00 Per Year

Property - Find a new home